TY140 Faith and Meaning

Worksheet 4 What Should I Do? -- Morality (31 points)

Use Lewis quotations to answer each question. There are three requirements to receive credit for each question: (a) complete sentences; (b) quotation marks used for direct quotations (all answers use quotations); (c) page numbers where ideas and quotations are found in Lewis.

Read “Christian Behavior,” Lewis 63-123.

1. What are moral rules for? Why do they seem to interfere with our natural inclinations?

2. Why is “perfect behavior” a “necessary ideal”?

3. What are the “two ways in which the human machine goes wrong”?

4. What “three things” is morality concerned with?

5. Lewis comments that there are things (e.g., bad temper) that seem “not...worth bothering about”; why does he think they are serious?

6. What are the “main differences between Christian and non-Christian morality” concerning?

7. What does each of the “cardinal virtues” mean? (use quotes)

8. What is the difference between doing a virtuous act and being a virtuous person?

9. What is wrong with “right actions done for the wrong reason”?

10. What would a “Christian society...be like”?

11. When a person “makes a moral choice,” which “two things are involved”?

12. However much psychoanalysis can “improve man’s raw material,” what is the “something else” with morality is concerned?

13. Is “bad psychological material” a sin? If not, what is it? How is it cured?

14. What does Lewis suspect happens to a person’s “psychological makeup” at death? What about the element of the person that chooses?

15. “Every time” a person “makes a choice,” what is happening to her?

16. Explain (using quotations from Lewis) why Christian writers seem to be “very strict at one moment and so very free and easy at another.” What does the action “leave”? Is what is seen from the outside “what really matters”?

17. Compare the person who is morally getting better and morally getting worse.

18. Explain (using quotations from Lewis) Lewis’s opinion in “Sexual Morality”: “sexual appetite...grows by indulgence.” Using quotes, compare perversions of the food appetite and the sexual appetite.

19. What does Christianity believe about the body, in comparison with the other great world religions? (Use quotes)

20. What does “Surrender to all our desires” lead to?

21. Is sexual morality the “centre” of Christian morality? Contrast “sins of flesh” and the “purely spiritual”: which is worse and why? Explain the “Animal” and “Diabolical.”

22. In “Christian Marriage,” what did Lewis think the “inventor of the human machine” meant by “one flesh”?

23. What did Lewis mean, “Being in love is a good thing, but it is not the best thing.” Does it mean “ceasing to love”? What is the love that is distinct from “being in love”?

24. In the middle of page 101, Lewis wrote that Christian morality makes “all the difference in the world.” Why? “What matters most”?

25. Choose three quotes that best express what Lewis thought about “Pride.”

26. What does “Charity” mean and not mean?

27. The “rule for all” is expressed on page 110. What is this rule?

28. Find two quotes that best express the point of “Hope.”

29. What is the “Christian way” or response to unfulfilled longing? “If I find in myself...” (complete the quote). What were “earthly pleasures” meant not to do and to do?

30. “Now faith...is” -- complete the quote.

31. “[H]anding everything over to Christ does not...mean you stop trying.” How does Lewis want the Christian to think of obeying?